Graphik: Bulletpoint Abstracts issue 3/2018 (English)

Nina-Sophie Fritsch: Labour Market, Occupations and Gender in Austria

This article examines gender-specific differences in the Austrian labour market. The main aim of this article is to provide an overview about well-established theoretical concepts, terms and definitions as well as revealing empirical evidence about the Austrian labour market development within the last two decades. By means of various key labour market indicators and measures on occupational gender segregation, I endeavour to highlight the gendered patterns of the Austrian welfare state. For the empirical analysis, micro census data (within the period between 1995 and 2015) are being used. Despite changing occupational structures and converging levels of qualification, the results indicate a strong persistence of gender-specific differences in the labour market in general and high levels of stability in terms of occupational gender segregation in more particular. Decomposition analysis reveals that, without beneficial changes of the occupational structure, occupational gender segregation would even have increased.

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